Hillary Clinton CareerAfter school concluded in early 1972, Secretary Clinton returned to Washington to work for the Washington Research Project. Her boyfriend, Bill Clinton, was also working in Washington as a staffer for George McGovern’s presidential campaign. However, after McGovern secured the Democratic nomination in July, Bill was tasked with assisting McGovern’s campaign in Texas, while Secretary Clinton was asked to head a grassroots voter registration drive in Austin.
Not long after, Bill returned to Arkansas to take up a teaching position in Fayetteville, with a view towards running against Arkansas’s sole Republican Congressman, John Paul Hammerschmidt.
Secretary Clinton, meanwhile, returned to Washington after being roped in to join an impeachment inquiry team counseling the House Democrats during the Watergate investigation.
After President Richard Nixon resigned on August 9, 1974, the team was disbanded and she rejoined the Washington Research Project. She soon learned that she had passed the Arkansas bar exam, but failed the Washington one. Despite being professionally contented working for the anti-poverty advocacy group, Secretary Clinton admitted to missing her boyfriend, a factor which led her to head over to Arkansas later that year. They were married a year later on October 11, 1975 in a simple ceremony in their living room.
She joined Bill at the University of Arkansas’s School of Law, and became only the second female professor there. She stayed for only three years, but left behind a legacy that remains to this day - a student-run legal aid clinic which she founded.
After leaving the university, Secretary Clinton joined one of the state’s largest law firms, the Rose Law Firm. She also founded the Arkansas Advocates for Children and Families in the same year. Between 1979 and 1980, she was the chairperson of the Legal Services Corporation – the first female to do so.
After the election of Bill Clinton as Governor of Arkansas, and subsequently, President of the United States, Secretary Clinton assumed a less prominent public role, but remained fairly active in the background. In 1987, she was appointed the first chairperson of the American Bar Association's Commission on Women in the Profession. She also assumed a lead policy role in President Bill Clinton’s failed healthcare reform proposal, serving as chair of the Task Force on National Health Care Reform. She was also heavily involved in several other important legislations, including the State Children's Health Insurance Program, Adoption and Safe Families Act, and Foster Care Independence Act, and was behind the founding of the Office on Violence Against Women.
As the presidency of Bill Clinton was winding down, Secretary Clinton contested and won the 2000 New York Senate election after a convincing victory over Republican challenger, Rick Lazio. The victory meant she became the first ever First Lady elected to a public office. She was reelected by an even bigger margin in 2006.
Secretary Clinton announced that she was running for president in January 2007. She immediately became the Democratic frontrunner, and was expected secure the party’s nomination without too much hassle. However, she suffered a surprising defeat at the hands of a certain young Illinois Senator, Barack Obama, in the curtain raising Iowa primary. Although she recovered by winning the next primary in New Hampshire, Secretary Clinton then suffered a string of primary and caucus losses which finally forced her to withdraw from the race.
She would go on to endorse Senator Obama and campaign on his behalf. Her endorsement speech at the Democratic National Convention in Colorado is roundly viewed as one of the best ever – one that many argued played a part in President Obama’s subsequent decision to offer her the position of Secretary of State.
Secretary Clinton initially declined the offer, but President Obama persistence eventually paid off and she reluctantly accepted the position for a single term. She was officially appointed as Secretary of State for the new Obama administration in 2009. After four years and approximately 956,733 miles (a record which was only bettered by her successor, Secretary John Kerry, recently), Secretary Clinton announced her decision to step down in 2012.