240 years ago, barely a month before the signing of the U.S. Constitution on September 17, 1787, delegates to the Philadelphia Convention assigned the Council of Eleven with the task of formulating a mechanism for the election of the President of the United States of America.

The eleven men of the council had to devise a system that will at once protect the rights of the smallest states and defend against the influence of foreign governments while still adhering to the will of the majority. It was a difficult task, but the Council of Eleven managed to create a multi-tiered voting system called the College of Electors, modeled after the Centuriate Assembly of the ancient Roman Republic.

On November 8, 2016, the United States will use the almost two-and-a-half century-old Electoral College system for the 56th time to elect its 45th President. The newly elected president will be sworn in on January 20, 2017, which will also be President Barack Obama's last day in office.

How will the president be elected? Basically, a presidential candidate needs to win at least the majority, or 270, of the 538 Electoral College votes to be elected president.

The Electors of the Electoral College are distributed proportionally to every state and Washington D.C., equaling the number of its delegation to the U.S Senate and House of Representatives (Article 2, Clause 2, U.S. Constitution).

The Electoral College votes of each state are pledged in whole to the presidential candidate with the most votes in their respective states during the general election – with the exception of Nebraska and Maine, which distribute votes proportionally by Congressional districts.

Apart from the politically unaffiliated George Washington, the first president, all subsequent American presidents were members of the Federalist (1), Whig (4), Democratic-Republican (4), Democratic (15) and Republican (18) parties. After the demise of the first three parties, the Democratic and Republican parties have dominated every presidential election from 1853 to now – and it will be no different in this election cycle.

The Democratic Party will officially pick its nominees for president and vice-president at the 2016 Democratic National Convention in Philadelphia on July 25, 2016 based on the results of 70 primaries, caucuses, conventions and state central committee meetings held between February 1, 2016 and June 18, 2016.

The Republican Party, meanwhile, will announce its presidential and vice-presidential nominees at the 2016 Republican National Convention in Cleveland on July 18, 2015. The GOP’s selection will be based on the results of 66 primaries, caucuses, conventions and state central committee meetings held between February 1, 2016 and June 18, 2016.

The nominees of the big two are not the only contenders though. Other notable presidential candidates include former New Mexico governor Gary Johnson (Libertarian Party) and Jill Stein (Green Party). There are also, as of April 2016, another 3,778 other candidates who have registered their candidacy with the Federal Election Commission.

The 2016 presidential election will ultimately end up as the costliest in history. A few analysts have predicted that direct campaign spending for the primaries and general election will ultimately cross the $5 billion mark, eclipsing even the 2012 contest between Barack Obama and Mitt Romney.





 2016 Presidential Nominees
 

2016 Constitution Party Presidential Nominee
Attorney and 2008 Constitution Party Vice Presidential nominee
Constitution Party Presidential Candidate 2016 Darrell Castle
  Declared 2016 Constitution Party Candidate
If elected president, the Tennessean attorney and former Marine intends take the country out of the United Nations and NATO. The host of The Castle Report podcast also aims to implement a “different monetary system” and end the Federal Reserve as part of his plan to tackle the federal deficit. A strong Christian, Mr. Castle has been receiving criticisms from some party members over his perceived lack of state ballot access efforts.



2016 Democratic Presidential Nominee
Former U.S. Secretary of State, U.S. Senator and First Lady
2016 Democratic Candidate  Hillary Clinton
  Declared 2016 Democratic Candidate
Hillary Clintons’ entry into the 2016 presidential election was never in doubt. While her defeat to President Obama in the 2008 nomination race is a distant memory now, her subsequent gracious and powerful endorsement speech lingers in the minds of many. With her extensive frontline and behind-the-scenes political experience, Secretary Clinton has virtually, and quite comfortably, sealed her status as the presidential nominee for the Democratic Party.

Clinton Vice-Presidential Running Mate

2016 Democratic Vice-Presidential Nominee
Current U.S. Senator and former Governor from Virginia
Democratic Vice-Presidential Nominee 2016 Tim Kaine
  Declared 2016 Democratic Candidate
The former Jesuit missionary, law professor and attorney once won a record $100 million judgement against an insurance company for discriminatory lending practices. Despite his successful private practice, the call of public service ultimately proved to be too strong for Sen. Kaine, and he was elected to serve as the Mayor of Richmond in 1998. The father of three would go on to serve as the Lt. Governor of Virginia and Governor of Virginia. Today, Sen. Kaine serves in the U.S. Senate and sits on four committees.

Hillary Clinton Biography

Ancestry
Parents & Grandparents
Childhood
Siblings
Education
Career
Faith & Religion
Spouses
Children
Health
Net Worth & Income
Controversies

Hillary Clinton on the Issues

Abortion
Afghanistan
Capital Punishment
Civil Liberties
Cuba
Deficit and Debt
Education
Energy
Environment
Federal Budget
Guantanamo Bay
Gun Control
Health Care
Immigration
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Jobs
Marijuana
Minimum Wage
National Security
North Korea
Poverty
Prescription Drugs
Religion
Russia
Social Security
Syria
Taxes
Terrorism

Hillary Clinton Books

 
Books by and about Hillary Clinton
 

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2016 Libertarian Presidential Nominee
Former Governor of New Mexico
Libertarian Presidential Candidate Gary Johnson
  Declared 2016 Libertarian Candidate
Governor Veto, as Gary Johnson was not-so-fondly known during his two terms as governor of New Mexico, has an enviable track record of success both in the private and public sector, an accomplishment that very few politicians can boast off. The fiscally conservative and socially liberal former construction company owner is seeking to build on his record breaking performance in 2012 by elevating the Libertarian Party to major party status in this election cycle.

Johnson Vice-Presidential Running Mate

2016 Libertarian Vice-Presidential Nominee
Businessman and former Governor of Massachusetts
Libertarian Vice-Presidential Nominee Bill Weld
  Declared 2016 Libertarian Candidate
There was a time when Gov. William Weld was considered as one of the rising stars of the Republican Party. He was a fearless prosecutor, and had an astonishing conviction record in corruption cases while serving as District Attorney for Massachusetts and head of the Criminal Division of the Justice Department. However, his ascension finally grounded to a halt in 1997 when one of the many toes he stepped on interfered with his Senate hearing as U.S. Ambassador to Mexico. He’s launched a couple of comeback attempts since, but the marijuana decriminalization advocate’s nomination as the Libertarian Party’s vice presidential candidate is his first foray into national politics in about 20 years.

Gary Johnson on the Issues

Abortion
Afghanistan
Capital Punishment
China
Cuba
Deficit and Debt
Education
Energy
Federal Budget
Guantanamo Bay
Gun Control
Health Care
Immigration
Iran
Iraq
Israel
LGBT Issues
Marijuana
Minimum Wage
National Security
North Korea
Religion
Social Security
Syria
Taxes
Terrorism

Gary Johnson Books

 
Books by and about Gary Johnson
 

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2016 Veterans Party of America Presidential Nominee
Aircraft Maintenance Professional
Veterans Party of America Presidential Candidate 2016 Chris Keniston
  Declared 2016 Veterans Party of America Candidate
Chris Keniston is a former military man, the third in a line of military service members in his bloodline dating back to his grandfather. His primary focus is on the creation of jobs, and his proposals for accomplishing this concern encouraging business and reforming the existing tax code – including by repeal of the 16th Amendment.



2016 Presumptive Green Party Presidential Nominee
Physician, Reformer, Environmental Activist
Green Party Presidential Candidate Jill Stein
  Declared 2016 Green Party Candidate
Jill Stein is no stranger to national politics. As the Green Party nominee in 2012, she understands the rigors of a national campaign. Stein is a fierce advocate for the environment and believes that investments in green issues can propel the American people and economy forward.



2016 Republican Presidential Nominee
Businessman, television personality and author
Republican Presidential Candidate Donald Trump
  Declared 2016 Republican Candidate
A billionaire real estate tycoon, reality TV star and now, presumptive Republican presidential nominee for the 2016 presidential election, the larger-than-life Donald Trump is shaking American politics to its very core with his no-holds-barred approach to politics. The maverick is now on course to battle it out with the Democrat nominee this November for the keys to the White House.

Trump Vice-Presidential Running Mate

2016 Republican Vice-Presidential Nominee
Current Governor and former U.S. Representative from Indiana
Republican Vice-Presidential Nominee Mike Pence
  Declared 2016 Republican Candidate
The former college admission officer, political consultant, attorney, talk radio host and six-term member of the U.S. House of Representatives, and current Governor of Indiana, is the archetypal modern social conservative Republican. Gov. Pence is an unabashed social and fiscal conservative, and is arguably one of the most influential political figures in the conservative heartland.

Donald Trump Biography

Ancestry
Parents & Grandparents
Childhood
Siblings
Education
Career
Faith & Religion
Spouses
Children
Health
Net Worth & Income
Controversies

Donald Trump on the Issues

Abortion
Afghanistan
Capital Punishment
Civil Liberties
Cuba
Deficit and Debt
Education
Energy
Environment
Federal Budget
Guantanamo Bay
Gun Control
Health Care
Immigration
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Jobs
Marijuana
Minimum Wage
National Security
North Korea
Poverty
Prescription Drugs
Religion
Russia
Social Security
Syria
Taxes
Terrorism

Donald Trump Books

 
Books by and about Donald Trump
 

Donald Trump Campaign Items

 
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 Other 2016 Presidential Candidates 
 
Declared 2016 Independent Presidential Candidate
Management and Market Research
Independent Candidate 2016Ed Baker
  Potential 2016 Independent Candidate

Dissatisfied with the job done by entrenched career politicians from both parties, Ed Baker has bold ideas to resolve a variety of issues including crime, spending and immigration. Conservatives, independents and progressives can all find common ground with at least one of Bakers positions.

Declared 2016 Independent Presidential Candidate
Software Engineer
Independent Presidential Candidate 2016David Boarman
  Potential 2016 Independent Candidate

David Boarman has always believed in the Christian God – he just never acted like it until the age of 44, when a personal crisis brought on an intense devotion to his faith. Today, he's running for President because he's convinced that's what Gods wants him to do. He's a right-wing candidate with a strong emphasis on religious freedom.

Declared 2016 Independent Presidential Candidate
Music Lover
2016 Independent Candidate Brian Briggs
  Potential 2016 Independent Candidate

Brian Briggs fancies himself the “average guy” that America needs as President. An Independent, he is beholden to neither major party, and his platform borrows from both. He's on the right side of the spectrum on gun control and his feelings towards Obamacare, but he has leftist attitudes on workers' rights.

Declared 2016 Independent Presidential Candidate
Entrepreneur, human rights activist
2016 Independent Presidential CandidatePaul Chehade
  Potential 2016 Independent Candidate

The Delaware-born Chehade is an idealist. A successful entrepreneur, Mr. Chehade is also the chairman of the non-profit organization Solidary Foundation, which is dedicated towards providing food, education and other critical support services to needy communities the world over.

Declared 2016 Constitutionist Party Presidential Candidate
Middle Class Citizen
2016 Constitutionist Party Candidate James
  Potential 2016 Constitutionist Party Candidate

The Constitutionist Party's candidate doesn't offer much on his qualifications, be they academic or professional. But as his party's name implies, he's big on upholding the Constitution, which to him means limiting the power and scope of the federal government and respecting foreign nations to handle their own governmental affairs.

Declared 2016 Reform Party Presidential Candidate
Management consultant and semi-retired professional engineer
Reform Party Presidential Candidate 2016Ken Cross
  Potential 2016 Reform Party Candidate

A member of the Reform party and fiscal conservative, Kenneth Cross confidently asserts that he has been studying politics throughout his entire life. He is a trained engineer, who presently works as a management consultant, and has owned three different small businesses.

Declared 2016 Independent Presidential Candidate
Businessman
2016 Independent Presidential CandidateRobert Dionisio
  Potential 2016 Independent Candidate

Robert Dionisio is a prolific business owner, starting as a little boy when he would collect forgotten litter and earn money turning it in for recycling. A critic of both major political parties, he\'s nevertheless a right-leaning presidential candidate, with budget reform intentions and a strong support of gun rights.

Declared 2016 Independent Presidential Candidate
Veteran and Electrical Servicing Business Owner
2016 Independent Candidate Art Drew
  Potential 2016 Independent Candidate

Art Drew is a Vietnam veteran who has owned his own business. He's also from a rural farming area, where he learned hard work and an appreciation for people who cultivate the land. His policies are non-extreme, and find their most comfortable reception in the political center.

Declared 2016 Independent Presidential Candidate
Strong Believer in the Middle Road
Independent Presidential CandidateMark Dutter
  Potential 2016 Independent Candidate

Mark J. Dutter is an Independent from Spearfish, South Dakota with a strongly centrist platform, he is disappointed in both the Republican and Democratic parties, believing that candidates from each caucus put party before country, are beholden to big business interests, or both.

Declared 2016 Independent Presidential Candidate
Lead Minister of Saint Valentine's Christian Church
Independent Presidential CandidateMartin Hahn
  Potential 2016 Independent Candidate

If you ask Martin Hahn, Republicans and Democrats are too concerned with battling each other to busy themselves with getting the people's work done.

Declared 2016 Independent Presidential Candidate
Conservative Christian and 2012 presidential candidate
2016 Independent Presidential CandidateDavid Holcomb
  Potential 2016 Independent Candidate

Residing in Springfield Nebraska, David is a lawyer who specializes in family law. Holcomb describes himself as conservative, Christian, pro-life, and pro-Second Amendment. His presidential run as an independent didn't gain much traction in 2012.

Declared 2016 Transhumanist Party Presidential Candidate
Futurist, philosopher, speaker and journalist
2016 Transhumanist Party Candidate Zoltan Istvan
  Potential 2016 Transhumanist Party Candidate

It's all about technology for Transhumanist Party founder and presidential nominee Zoltan Istvan. His main priority is the allocation of funding for research scientists to develop augmentations for the human body that will destroy disease, enhance natural senses, and even conquer the specter of death.

Declared 2016 Independent Presidential Candidate
The Real Grandmaster Jay
Independent Candidate 2016John Fitzgerald Johnson
  Potential 2016 Independent Candidate

John Fitzgerald Johnson, also known as “The Real Grandmaster Jay” to fans of his musical work, is a civil rights activist with strong feelings on addressing police brutality. Politically left of center, he's also an advocate of woman's rights and greatly sympathizes with the plight of illegal immigrants.

Declared 2016 Independent Presidential Candidate
Executive Consultant
2016 Independent Presidential CandidateLynn Sandra Kahn
  Potential 2016 Independent Candidate

Lynn Sandra Kahn boasts over 30 years of experience in the fields of government reform and conflict resolution. She touts a comprehensive 7-track strategy for achieving the goals of her platform: Fix government, build peace.

Declared 2016 Independent Presidential Candidate
Ordained Bishop and God-First Man of Faith
Independent Candidate 2016Bishop Julian Lewis, Jr.
  Potential 2016 Independent Candidate

Having spent most of his life in the service of God, Julian Lewis, Jr places his faith before all else. He believes that the will of God can and does inform a leader's policy decisions, and he has even spoken unfavorably about the separation of Church and State.

Declared 2016 Independent Presidential Candidate
Water Treatment Operator (Retired)
Independent Presidential CandidateJames C. Mitchell, Jr.
  Potential 2016 Independent Candidate

Jim Mitchell, Jr is a pro-life, pro-gun rights conservative from Illinois. He's got a bone to pick with crime, and his methods are as novel as they are aggressive: mandatory military service for young people to starve off gang recruitment, and free government-distributed narcotics to collapse the illegal drug trade.

Declared 2016 Independent Presidential Candidate
Middle-Class Working Person
2016 Independent Presidential CandidatePerry Morcom
  Potential 2016 Independent Candidate

Perry Morcom is no fan of the Electoral College; the Texas working man wants it eliminated, and the President chosen strictly by popular vote. He's also against congressmen and Senators serving more than eight years in office. Driven by compassion, he wants to help rather than deport illegal immigrants.

Declared 2016 Independent Presidential Candidate
Educator and Man Of Faith
Independent Candidate 2016Mark Pendleton
  Potential 2016 Independent Candidate

Mark Pendelton is a man of the people and a person of great faith. He has stumbled and made common mistakes, and that gives him the ability to connect with ordinary Americans. His mantra is “give me one term and I will put the government back in the hands of the people.”

Declared 2016 Independent Presidential Candidate
Entrepreneur
Independent Presidential CandidateJeremiah Pent
  Potential 2016 Independent Candidate

Without going into details, Jeremiah Pent speaks at length about solving the nation's problems, especially social disunity and the staggering national debt. Like many other independents and third-party candidates, he worries that the Republicans and Democrats have become too powerful.

Declared 2016 Humane Party Presidential Candidate
Humane Party Nominee
Humane Party Candidate 2016Clifton Roberts
  Potential 2016 Humane Party Candidate

Representing the Humane party, Clifton Roberts is all about animal rights. He himself is a vegan, and believes in banning the slaughter of animals for food. He also supports sustainable energy, environmental protection policies, and an end to the death penalty, among other left-wing initiatives.

Declared 2016 Independent Presidential Candidate
Wall Street finance expert and serial entrepreneur
Independent Candidate 2016Scott Smith
  Potential 2016 Independent Candidate

With extensive experience working with money on Wall Street, as well as a prolific businessman, Scott Smith wishes to enact economic policies that veer right even of most dyed-in-the-wool conservatives. His goals are dubious, but his confidence is unshakable.

Declared 2016 America's Third Party Presidential Candidate
Intellectually Gifted Entrepreneur
2016 America's Third Party Presidential CandidateDavid Jon Sponheim
  Potential 2016 America

It's easy to think of incidents in American history that may have turned out better had the President at the time enjoyed an IQ score of 185, and that's just what David Sponheim brings to the table. Disillusioned with Democrats with whom he identified for decades, he's started his own party – and he has some big ideas.

Declared 2016 Independent Presidential Candidate
Computer Science and Political Studies expert
2016 Independent Presidential CandidateTami Stainfield
  Potential 2016 Independent Candidate

After living in nine different states, visiting twenty-nine countries all over the world, and living and studying in Africa for more than five years, the independent candidate Tami Stainfield is definitely an Anti-Globalist who has traveled the globe.

Declared 2016 Independent Presidential Candidate
Woman of Faith
2016 Independent Presidential CandidateShawna Sterling
  Potential 2016 Independent Candidate

Shawna Sterling has opinions all her own, even on matters which might not generally be considered up for debate. She blames GMOs above all else for childhood obesity, and pledges to eliminate their use in school cafeteria food. Otherwise, she is generally conservative, with a strong faith and strict opposition to abortion.

Declared 2016 Independent Presidential Candidate
Citizen, entrepreneur, advocate for equal treatment for all
2016 Independent Candidate Samm Tittle
  Potential 2016 Independent Candidate

Samm Tittle is an advocate for everything that made America great. As an experienced entrepreneur, Tittle understands that when given a job and an equal playing field, an individual can achieve great things. As a citizen politician, she believes in truth in government and equal rights for all.

Declared 2016 Independent Presidential Candidate
Bus Driver
2016 Independent Presidential CandidateBenjamin Weigel
  Potential 2016 Independent Candidate

Benjamin Weigel is a Marine who saw action in Iraq, and retired from service due to his injuries. He remains strongly pro-military and believes the nation would be best served by a President who has served – which, he notes, most of Congress has not done. He is a right-of-center candidate.

Declared 2016 Independent Presidential Candidate
Veteran and former Gymnast
Independent Candidate 2016Terry W. Wheelock
  Potential 2016 Independent Candidate

Terry Wheelock is a former competitive gymnast who believes he's got the moves to be the next president. He's his own candidate, running on a platform that fits on neither the left nor right side of the political spectrum – instead, he borrows ideas from each.

Declared 2016 Independent Presidential Candidate
Insurance Manager
Independent Presidential Candidate 2016Daniel Zutler
  Potential 2016 Independent Candidate

Daniel Zutler is not optimistic about the structure of the United States – he believes we live under a system that is irrevocably broken, impossible of repair. As such, he calls for starting over completely, based on the Constitution as it was originally written and intended. Most of his policies come down right-of-center.


 Withdrawn 2016 Presidential Candidates 
 
Withdrawn 2016 Republican Presidential Candidate
Former Governor of Florida
2016 Republican Presidential CandidateJeb Bush
  Potential 2016 Republican Candidate

The former Florida governor entered the race as one of the early favorites, and led the polls in the months leading up to the primaries. His well-oiled campaign machinery and name recognition saw him raising an incredible $118 million by the turn of the year. Alas, his dream of emulating his father and elder brother of occupying the Oval Office began to unravel soon after the primaries began. Gov. Bush officially withdrew from the race on February 20, 2016 after an embarrassing fourth place finish in the South Carolina primary.

Withdrawn 2016 Republican Presidential Candidate
Physician, Author and Citizen Politician
Republican Presidential CandidateBen Carson
  Potential 2016 Republican Candidate

Roundly viewed as the most religious candidate in the field, the retired neurosurgeon was a relative unknown at the start of the race. But Dr. Carson’s quiet and cerebral approach quickly elevated his profile and he was even invited to participate in several debates where he held his own against more experienced politicians. However, an underwhelming Super Tuesday performance and dwindling campaign coffers compelled him to drop out of the race on March 4, 2016.

Withdrawn 2016 Democratic Presidential Candidate
Former U.S. Senator and Governor from Rhode Island
Democratic Presidential Candidate 2016Lincoln Chafee
  Potential 2016 Democratic Candidate

Mr. Chafee entered the Democratic nomination race with a unique tripartisan appeal – he was elected to the Senate as a Republican, won the Rhode Island governorship as an Independent, and served as the co-chair of President Barack Obama's 2012 reelection campaign. However, he never gained a foothold in the contest, and following a widely panned performance in the first Democratic presidential debate in Las Vegas, announced the suspension of his campaign on October 23, 2015.

Withdrawn 2016 Republican Presidential Candidate
Governor of New Jersey
2016 Republican Candidate Chris Christie
  Potential 2016 Republican Candidate

Two-term New Jersey governor Chris Christie’s campaign began in rousing fashion with an endorsement from the governor of Maine, Paul LePage. However, his campaign was soon dogged by controversies when it became known that the state government was subsidizing the cost of his security detail and campaign trips. His frequent absence from the state throughout 2015 was also criticized. As the debate season commenced, the combative former District Attorney’s polling numbers began a steady downward spiral culminating in a 10th and 6th placed finishes in the first two primaries in Iowa and New Hampshire. Gov. Christie announced the suspension of his campaign on February 10, 2016.

Withdrawn 2016 Republican Presidential Candidate
U.S. Senator from Texas
Republican Presidential Candidate 2016Ted Cruz
  Potential 2016 Republican Candidate

The social conservative darling was seen as one of the dark horses of the nomination race. An accomplished public speaker, he had strong support from the evangelical community and rank and file tea party supporters. The firebrand Texas Senator was expected to be the anti-establishment candidate that will battle it out against the “Washington elites”. Unfortunately, his core support was gradually siphoned off by another outsider, Donald Trump, the eventual nominee. Sen. Cruz dropped out of the race on May 3, 2016, after suffering a devastating loss to Mr. Trump in the Indiana primary.

Withdrawn 2016 Republican Presidential Candidate
Businesswoman and former 2016 presidential candidate
Republican Candidate 2016Carly Fiorina
  Potential 2016 Republican Candidate

Carly Fiorina, the former CEO of computer giant Hewlett-Packard and advisor to John McCain’s 2008 presidential campaign, served notice of her pedigree in the curtain-raising Republican presidential debate on August 6, 2015 in Cleveland, Ohio. She was roundly acknowledged as the best debater that night. However, despite a slight spike in the polls, she failed to make further inroads in the race and bowed out on February 10, 2016 after a weak Super Tuesday performance. Two months later, for about a week beginning from April 27, Ms. Fiorina served as the running mate for Sen. Ted Cruz.

Withdrawn 2016 Republican Presidential Candidate
Former Governor of Virginia
2016 Republican Presidential CandidateJim Gilmore
  Potential 2016 Republican Candidate

Former Virginia governor, attorney general and Army intelligence agent Jim Gilmore reentered into the national political scene after 13-year absence. He struggled to make a mark in the race, and recorded the lowest ever votes (133) in the New Hampshire Republican primary. This was on the back of the 12 votes he received in the opening Iowa caucus. Gov. Gilmore announced the suspension of his campaign three days later on February 12, 2016.

Withdrawn 2016 Republican Presidential Candidate
U.S. Senator from South Carolina
Republican Candidate 2016Lindsey Graham
  Potential 2016 Republican Candidate

The influential Congressman, who currently serves on four Senate Committees, threw his hat in the nomination ring on June 1, 2015. However, his confrontations with the powerful tea party over the previous few years made him a somewhat unpopular figure among the Republican voting base. Sen. Graham’s subsequent public clash with Donald Trump in July 2015 further dampened his chances. His failure to improve his polling numbers above the low single digits eventually forced him to suspend his campaign on December 21, 2015.

Withdrawn 2016 Republican Presidential Candidate
Former Governor of Arkansas, Man of Faith and TV Personality
Republican Presidential CandidateMike Huckabee
  Potential 2016 Republican Candidate

The ordained minister and former Arkansas governor launched his second bid for the presidency in May 2015. Marshaling his evangelical base in Iowa, Gov. Huckabee focused his entire campaign on the state’s caucus with his brand of folksy politics. However, he only finished ninth, securing less than 2% of the votes. He suspended his campaign on February 1, 2016 immediately after results were announced.

Withdrawn 2016 Republican Presidential Candidate
Current Governor of Louisiana
2016 Republican Presidential CandidateBobby Jindal
  Potential 2016 Republican Candidate

The Punjabi-American former governor of Louisiana probably has the most unique slogan among the major presidential campaigns in this election cycle – “Tanned, Rested, Ready.” Unfortunately, the slogan failed to bring in the bucks, and Gov. Jindal was forced to end his campaign on November 17, 2015 after raising only $1.4 million.

Withdrawn 2016 Republican Presidential Candidate
Governor of Ohio
Republican Candidate 2016John Kasich
  Potential 2016 Republican Candidate

Gov. Kasich’s 2016 presidential campaign can be surmised with just a single word – perseverance. Despite an impressive political resume, which includes chairmanship of the House Budget Committee between 1994 and 2000 (which coincided with the only four balanced federal budgets in the last four decades), the Ohio governor never quite broke out of the periphery despite ultimately being the second-last man standing in the Republican primary race. With a campaign budget of only $7.6 million, Gov. Kasich was truly the little engine that could.

Withdrawn 2016 Democratic Presidential Candidate
Professor of Law
Democratic Candidate 2016 Larry Lessig
  Potential 2016 Democratic Candidate

Respected Harvard law professor and co-founder of the revolutionary Creative Commons licensing system, Larry Lessig, announced his candidacy for the Democratic primaries on September 6, 2015 after his exploratory committee successfully raised over a million dollars in just 30 days. Mr. Lessig, who received high-profile celebrity endorsements from the likes of Star Wars director J. J. Abrams and Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales, suspended his campaign less than two months later after accusing the Democratic National Committee of actively marginalizing his campaign.

Withdrawn 2016 Democratic Presidential Candidate
Former Governor of Maryland
2016 Democratic Presidential CandidateMartin O'Malley
  Potential 2016 Democratic Candidate

His successful progressive governorship of Maryland has elevated the moderate Democrat into one of the rising stars of the party, and inevitably, there were high expectations surrounding his candidacy. However, Gov. O’Malley struggled to impose himself in the polls despite attracting a slew of endorsements, and rarely breached the 10% mark. The former Mayor of Baltimore finally announced the suspension of his campaign after an underwhelming performance in the opening caucus in Iowa, where he finished third with less than 1% of the votes.

Withdrawn 2016 Republican Presidential Candidate
Former Governor of New York
Republican Presidential Candidate 2016George Pataki
  Potential 2016 Republican Candidate

Former three-term Governor of New York George Pataki’s lack of national name recognition cost him dearly in the polls, which led to his exclusion from the fourth and fifth presidential debates, despite commendable previous performances. The exclusion effectively ended the moderate New Yorker’s chances, and he withdrew from the race on December 29, 2015. Gov. Pataki lamented the fact that presidential debates are now dictated by ratings, instead of the quality of candidates.

Withdrawn 2016 Republican Presidential Candidate
U.S. Senator from Kentucky
Republican Presidential Candidate 2016Rand Paul
  Potential 2016 Republican Candidate

While no one seriously expected the physician to emulate his father’s third-placed finish in the 2012 Republican presidential primaries, his withdrawal after a fourth-placed finish at the opening Iowa caucus on February 3, 2016 was a surprise to many. With his paleolibertarian background and solid relationship with the tea party and fiscal conservatives, Sen. Rand was expected to be a competitive second-tier candidate, which would’ve put him in great stead for the 2020 primaries.

Withdrawn 2016 Republican Presidential Candidate
Former Governor of Texas and 2012 presidential candidate
2016 Republican Candidate Rick Perry
  Potential 2016 Republican Candidate

After an impressive but ultimately unsuccessful run in 2012, Gov. Perry, the longest-serving Texas governor in history (2000-2015), launched his second bid for the presidency on June 4, 2015. However, without the might of the governorship behind him, Gov. Perry struggled to raise funds to finance his run. His poor poll numbers, lack of support in early primary states and mounting campaign debts convinced him to end his run barely three months later.

Withdrawn 2016 Republican Presidential Candidate
U.S. Senator from Florida
2016 Republican Presidential CandidateMarco Rubio
  Potential 2016 Republican Candidate

The lack of support from minorities contributed greatly to Gov. Mitt Romney’s defeat to President Barack Obama in the 2012 presidential election. In light of that, the Cuban American Florida Senator was seen by the party’s leadership as the ideal candidate to recapture the White House for the GOP. Unfortunately, Sen. Rubio was rattled in his early encounters with the aggressive Donald Trump, and the three-year momentum behind him quickly fizzled out. Sen. Rubio ended his campaign on March 15, 2016 after a humiliating second-placed primary finish in his home state of Florida.

Withdrawn 2016 Democratic Presidential Candidate
Junior U.S. Senator from Vermont and Former Mayor of Burlington
2016 Democratic Presidential CandidateBernie Sanders
  Potential 2016 Democratic Candidate

Despite his status as an independent, the self-professed democratic socialist was granted special dispensation by the Democratic National Committee to participate in the primaries in recognition of his solidarity with the Democrats in Congressional voting. Unexpectedly though, Sen. Sanders managed to draw in the support of the most liberal elements in the party and has emerged as the strongest opponent to Hillary Clinton. However, his refusal to withdraw from the race despite a very low chance of winning and an aggressive anti-Hillary campaign is beginning to draw criticisms from some quarters.

Withdrawn 2016 Republican Presidential Candidate
Former US Senator from Pennsylvania
Republican Presidential Candidate 2016Rick Santorum
  Potential 2016 Republican Candidate

The former Pennsylvania Senator was the Ted Cruz of the 2012 primary cycle. Not only was he a respected social conservative, Sen. Santorum also eventually finished second behind party nominee Mitt Romney. However, his 2016 campaign never found traction and barely moved into second gear; his three-year absence from the national stage cost him dearly. Sen. Santorum withdrew from the race on February 3, 2016 after the result of Super Tuesday was announced.

Withdrawn 2016 Republican Presidential Candidate
Governor of Wisconsin
Republican Presidential CandidateScott Walker
  Potential 2016 Republican Candidate

One of the early front runners for the nomination, Gov. Walker holds the distinction of being the only governor to ever survive a recall election. However, his campaign came to a premature end on September 21, 2015 just three months after announcing his candidacy. His campaign’s aggressive advertising and large staff (90 people) rapidly ate up his resources, and the coffers dried up. Face with the prospect of going into debt so early in the campaign, Gov. Walker chose to walk away.

Withdrawn 2016 Democratic Presidential Candidate
Veteran, author, former Senator from Virginia and bi-partisan lawmaker
Democratic Presidential CandidateJim Webb
  Potential 2016 Democratic Candidate

The highly-decorated Vietnam vet has a very interesting and eclectic resume. He has served as, at various times, a U.S. Senator, an Emmy-winning journalist, an official of the Reagan administration, and a Marine – and he is also a best-selling author. Nevertheless, the Republican-turned-Democrat failed to translate his wide experience into support, and was excluded from the majority of polls. Despite a respectable performance in the first Democratic presidential debate in Nevada on October 13, 2015, Sen. Webb withdrew from the race a week later. Since then, Sen. Webb has announced that he will not be voting for Hillary Clinton in the presidential election and has not rule out voting for Republican nominee Donald Trump.


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September 26th, 2016   |   Hempstead, NY

 
October 4th, 2016   |   Farmville, VA

 
October 9th, 2016   |   St. Louis, MO

 
October 19th, 2016   |   Las Vegas, NV

 


The 2016 Presidential Election is unlike any seen in recent times. In fact, it may well be the most important since 1860, for one very simple reason. The 45th President could potentially be selecting up to four new Supreme Court Justices to replace the aging Ruth Bader Ginsburg (82), Anthony Kennedy (79), Stephen Breyer (77) and recently deceased Antonin Scalia - almost half of the nine-person lineup of the United States Supreme Court. With a historical 25-year average tenure, these lifetime appointments will directly determine the political, ideological and socioeconomic direction of the country for the next three decades, and indirectly thereafter.

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Brokered and Contested Democratic Conventions


Wells Fargo Center, Philadelphia, PA
July 25-28 2016

Democratic National Convention Homepage
Convention Schedule Party Platform
Convention Speeches Party Merchandise
 
 Democratic Convention Schedule
 
 
   RECAP 
Monday, July 25, 2016  |  United Together

 
   RECAP 
Tuesday, July 26, 2016  |  A Lifetime Of Fighting ...

 
 < TODAY
Wednesday, July 27, 2016 |  Working Together

 
 
Thursday, July 28, 2016  |  Stronger Together

 
 Democratic Convention Speeches
   
Stacey Abrams
Madeleine Albright
Erika Alexander
John Allen    (Thursday)
Na'ilah Amaru
Elizabeth Banks
Steve Benjamin
Joe Biden    (Wednesday)
Michael Bloomberg    (Wednesday)
Cory Booker
Paul Booth
Barbara Boxer
Brendan Boyle
Bob Brady
Donna Brazile
Kate Burdick
GK Butterfield    (Wednesday)
Gwen Carr
Jason Carter
Jimmy Carter
Bob Casey
Judy Chu    (Wednesday)
Katherine Clark
Bill Clinton
Chelsea Clinton    (Thursday)
Hillary Clinton    (Thursday)
Hillary Clinton
Jason & Jarron Collins
Joseph Crowley
Elijah Cummings
Leah Daughtry
Kevin de León
Howard Dean
Val Demings
Thaddeus Desmond
Jamie Dorff    (Wednesday)
Lena Dunham & America Ferrera
Eagle Academy Students
Keith Ellison
Leaders of Major Labor Groups
Adriano Espaillat
Luke Feeney
Barney Frank
Lois Frankel
Al Franken
Shirley Franklin
Jelani Freeman
Marcia Fudge
Sybrina Fulton
Tulsi Gabbard
Kirsten Gillibrand
Tony Goldwyn
Chad Griffin    (Thursday)
Raul Grijalva
Alison Lundergan Grimes
Luis Gutierrez
Maria Hamilton
Tom Harkin
Dynah Haubert
Ilyse Hogue    (Wednesday)
Eric Holder
Steny Hoyer
John Hutson    (Wednesday)
Henrietta Ivey    (Thursday)
Jesse Jackson    (Wednesday)
Benjamin Jealous
Tim Kaine    (Wednesday)
Gene Karpinski    (Thursday)
Joe Kennedy
Jim Kenney
Khizr Khan    (Thursday)
Amy Klobuchar
Tina Kotek
Cheryl Lankford
John Lewis
Jesse Lipson
Pam Livengood
Eva Longoria
Demi Lovato
Nita Lowey
Ben Ray Luján    (Wednesday)
Dan Malloy
Sean Patrick Maloney    (Thursday)
Lauren Manning
Beth Mathias    (Thursday)
Ima Matul Maisaroh
Terry McAuliffe
Lucia McBath
Sarah McBride    (Thursday)
Cameron McLay
Lezley McSpadden
Jeff Merkley
Debra Messing
Barbara Mikulski    (Thursday)
Barbara Mikulski
Anton Moore
Ryan Moore
Michelle Obama
Barack Obama    (Wednesday)
Karla & Francisca Ortiz
Leon Panetta    (Wednesday)
Dustin Parsons
Nancy Pelosi
Cleopatra Pendleton-Cowley
John Podesta
Charles Ramsey    (Wednesday)
Geneva Reed-Veal
Cecile Richards
Diane Russell
Linda Sánchez
Bernie Sanders
Felicia Sanders & Polly Sheppard    (Wednesday)
Jan Schakowsky
Stephanie Schriock    (Wednesday)
Chuck Schumer
Jeanne Shaheen
Astrid Silva
Sarah Silverman
Erica Smegielski    (Wednesday)
Anastasia Somoza
Patricia Spearman
Meryl Streep
Joe Sweeney
Neera Tanden    (Wednesday)
Nydia Velázquez
Jensen Walcott & Jake Reed    (Thursday)
Marty Walsh
Elizabeth Warren
Debbie Wasserman Schultz
Bonnie Watson Coleman
Wellington Webb
 
 
 Republican Convention Recap
 
  Resolutions Committee Convenes
July 11-12, 2016  |  Party Platform Drafted

  Rules Committee Convenes
July 14-15, 2016  |  Convention Rules Adopted

 
 
Monday, July 18, 2016  |  Make America Safe Again

 
 
Tuesday, July 19, 2016  |  Make America Work Again

 
 
Wednesday, July 20, 2016 |  Make America First Again

 
 
Thursday, July 21, 2016  |  Make America One Again

 
 3rd Parties & Independents
 
 • Ed Baker
 • Michael Bloomberg   ◄ DECLINED
 • David Boarman
 • Brian Briggs
 • Darrell Castle  ◄ CONSTITUTION NOMINEE
 • Paul Chehade
 • James "JD" Criveau
 • Ken Cross
 • Robert Dionisio
 • Art Drew
 • Mark Dutter
 • Martin Hahn
 • David Holcomb
 • Zoltan Istvan
 • Gary Johnson  ◄ LIBERTARIAN NOMINEE
 • John Fitzgerald Johnson
 • Lynn Sandra Kahn
 • Chris Keniston  ◄ VETERANS PARTY NOMINEE
 • Bishop Julian Lewis, Jr.
 • James C. Mitchell, Jr.
 • Perry Morcom
 • Mark Pendleton
 • Jeremiah Pent
 • Clifton Roberts
 • Scott Smith
 • David Jon Sponheim
 • Tami Stainfield
 • Jill Stein  ◄ PRESUMPTIVE GREEN NOMINEE
 • Shawna Sterling
 • Samm Tittle
 • Benjamin Weigel
 • Bill Weld
 • Terry W. Wheelock
 • Daniel Zutler
 
 Republican Candidates
 
 • Jeb Bush   ◄ WITHDRAWN
 • Ben Carson   ◄ WITHDRAWN
 • Chris Christie   ◄ WITHDRAWN
 • Ted Cruz   ◄ WITHDRAWN
 • Carly Fiorina   ◄ WITHDRAWN
 • Jim Gilmore   ◄ WITHDRAWN
 • Lindsey Graham   ◄ WITHDRAWN
 • Mike Huckabee   ◄ WITHDRAWN
 • Bobby Jindal   ◄ WITHDRAWN
 • John Kasich   ◄ WITHDRAWN
 • George Pataki   ◄ WITHDRAWN
 • Rand Paul   ◄ WITHDRAWN
 • Mike Pence  ◄ REPUBLICAN VP NOMINEE
 • Rick Perry   ◄ WITHDRAWN
 • Marco Rubio   ◄ WITHDRAWN
 • Rick Santorum   ◄ WITHDRAWN
 • Donald Trump  ◄ REPUBLICAN NOMINEE
 • Scott Walker   ◄ WITHDRAWN
 
 Democratic Candidates
 
 • Joe Biden   ◄ DECLINED
 • Hillary Clinton  ◄ DEMOCRATIC NOMINEE
 • Tim Kaine  ◄ DEMOCRATIC VP NOMINEE
 • Larry Lessig   ◄ WITHDRAWN
 • Martin O'Malley   ◄ WITHDRAWN
 • Bernie Sanders   ◄ WITHDRAWN
 • Jim Webb   ◄ WITHDRAWN
 

2016 Presidential Election
Pawel Kuczynski
 
To preserve freedom of political expression, the electorate must be both free to choose and adequately informed. There are over 1000 presidential candidates registered with the FEC for the 2016 election. Most of these officially declared candidates are marginalized or completely ignored by mainstream media and lack the benefit of unlimited spending by Super PAC’s.

We profile all official candidates, from all political parties, on a level platform. Some may be nutcases, but most are respectable individuals with legitimate positions on the issues. Any officially registered candidates not included may be fictitious, or have insufficient available information from which to build a profile.

We don’t know if any of these candidates would make a better president than a career politician, just as there's no guarantee that any of the 2016 campaign promises will actually be kept.

Word of mouth and today's web of social networks empower 'We the People' to promote a candidate more effectively than any media conglomerate, and subsequently scrutinize their every detail in thousands of national online platforms.

Take a look at the candidates, visit their websites and if you find them worthy of being given a chance, share their candidacy with friends and family.

May the best person win!

 
 Virginia 40-year vote trend
 
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(hover over party logos for winners and percentages)

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